Carbon Tool Steel
Steel is considered to be carbon tool steel when no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, columbium [niobium], molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium or zirconium, or any other element to be added to obtain a desired alloying effect; when the specified minimum for copper does not exceed 0.40 per cent; or when the maximum content specified for any of the following elements does not exceed the percentages noted: manganese 1.65, silicon 0.60, copper 0.60. Carbon tool steels are normally classified as shown below.
Low-carbon steels contain up to 0.30 weight percent C. The largest category of this class of carbon tool steel is flat-rolled products (sheet or strip) usually in the cold-rolled and annealed condition. The carbon content for these high-formability steels is very low, less than 0.10 weight percent C, with up to 0.4 weight percent Mn. For rolled steel structural plates and sections, the carbon content may be increased to approximately 0.30 weight percent, with higher manganese up to 1.5 weight percent.
Medium-carbon steels are similar to low-carbon steels except that the carbon ranges from 0.30 to 0.60 weight percent and the manganese from 0.60 to 1.65 weight percent. Increasing the carbon content to approximately 0.5 weight percent with an accompanying increase in manganese allows medium-carbon steels to be used in the quenched and tempered condition.
High-carbon steels contain from 0.60 to 1.00 weight percent C with manganese contents ranging from 0.30 to 0.90 weight percent.
Carbon tool steel applications: (1) Cutting tools (2) Knives (3) Saw Blades / Band Saw Blades (4) Wood Saw Blades (5) Elastic Parts (6) Coil Springs (7) Pharmaceutical Knives (8) Textile Needles (9) Stationery (10) Chains (11) Clutch Cover And Parts (12) Agricultural Machines (13) Horticulture Tools